Know the five, Stay alive

Know the five. Stay alive: Top Five Signs showing You have a...

Signs of a heart attack
  1. Pressure or squeezing in the center of the chest

  2. Shooting pain that spreads to shoulders, arms, neck or jaw

  3. Nausea, dizziness, fainting or sudden abnormal sweating

  4. Shortness of breath

  5. Heartburn or indigestion-like pain

Signs of a heart failure
  1. Weight gain - 2 - 3 pounds in one day or 4 - 5 pounds in one week

  2. Shortness of breath - with little change in activity

  3. Increased swelling - ankles, feet, legs, or abdomen

  4. Heart beat - fast or irregular rate

  5. Fatigue - tired more than usual

Signs of Asthma
  1. Feeling breathless (you may gasp for breath)

  2. A tight chest, like a band tightening around it

  3. Wheezing, which makes a whistling sound when you breathe

  4. Coughing, particularly at night and early morning

  5. Attacks triggered by exercise, exposure to allergens and other triggers

Signs of Asthma Attack
  1. The reliever inhaler does not help symptoms at all

  2. Wheezing, coughing and tight chest are severe and constant

  3. Breathlessness disables to speak, agitation or restlessness

  4. rapid pulse

  5. Lips or fingernails look blue

Signs of Kidney Disease
  1. Changes in Urination

  2. Swelling

  3. Fatigue

  4. Skin Rash/Itching

  5. Others (Metallic Taste in Mouth/Ammonia Breath, Nausea and Vomiting, Shortness of Breath, Feeling Cold, Dizziness and Trouble Concentrating, Leg/Flank Pain)

Warning signs of Arthritis
  1. Joint Pain

  2. Stiffness

  3. Swelling

  4. Fatigue

  5. Loss of Function

Signs of Acute Abdomen
  1. Acute Cholecystitis

  2. Acute Appendicitis

  3. Acute Pancreatitis

  4. Peptic Ulcer Disease

  5. Others (ectopic pregnancy, diverticulitis, intestinal obstruction, PID, testicular torsion, renal colic)

Read the Emergency Signals of your Body

Check Your Fever Patters

Continuous fever : Temperature remains above normal throughout the day and does not fluctuate more than 1° C in 24 hours, Lobar pheumonia, Typhoid, UTI
Intermittent fever : The temperature elevation is present only for a certain period, later cycling back to normal, Malaria, Kala-azar, Pyaemia or septicemia
Remittent fever : Temperature remains above normal throughout the day and fluctuates more than 1° C in 24 hours, Infective endocarditis
Pel-Ebstein Fever : A specific kind of fever being high for one week and low for the next week and so on. However, there is some debate as to whether this pattern truly exists. Hodgkin’s lymphoma

Heart Burn or Heart Attack :

Be on the lookout for these heart-related warning signs :

  • Sudden pressure, tightening, squeezing or crushing pain in the center of the chest that lasts more than a few minutes

  • Mild chest or upper body pain or discomfort — most heart attack symptoms start slowly

  • Pain or discomfort spreading to the back, neck, jaw, stomach, shoulders or arms — especially the left arm

  • Shortness of breath with or without chest discomfort

  • Chest discomfort accompanied by sweating, lightheartedness, dizziness or nausea

  • Pressure or tightness in the chest during physical activity or when you're under emotional stress

Heartburn isn't a disease. It's a symptom. Characteristics of heartburn include :

  • It usually occurs after eating or while lying down or bending.

  • It can be brief or continue for a few hours.

  • You notice a burning sensation in your chest that may start in your upper abdomen and radiate all the way to your neck.

  • Stomach acid that moves up into the esophagus may leave a sour taste in your mouth — especially when you're lying down

Signs of a stroke
  1. Walk - loss of balance

  2. Talk - slurred speech or a droopy face

  3. Reach - numbness or weakness of the face, arm or leg, especially on one side of the body

  4. See - impaired vision or difficulty seeing in one or both eyes

  5. Feel - severe headache with no known cause

Is it an IBS?

Symptoms that support the diagnosis of IBS :

  • Abnormal stool frequency ("abnormal" means greater than three bowel movements per day and fewer than three bowel movements per week);

  • Abnormal stool form (lumpy/hard or loose/watery stool);

  • Abnormal stool passage (straining, urgency, or feeling of incomplete evacuation);

  • Bloating or feeling of abdominal distention.

Supportive symptoms of IBS :

  • Fewer than three bowel movements a week

  • More than three bowel movements a day

  • Hard or lumpy stools

  • Loose (mushy) or watery stools

  • Straining during a bowel movement

  • Urgency (having to rush to have a bowel movement)

  • Feeling of incomplete bowel movement

  • Passing mucus (white material) during a bowel movement

  • Abdominal fullness, bloating, or swelling

Red flag symptoms which are not typical of IBS :

  • Pain that awakens/interferes with sleep

  • Diarrhea that awakens/interferes with sleep

  • Blood in the stool (visible or occult)

  • Weight loss

  • Fever

  • Abnormal physical examination

Identify Drug Rash :

Morbilliform drug eruptions comprising 95% of all drug-induced skin reactions. Beta-lactam antibiotics (penicillins, cephalosporins), antibiotic sulfonamides, allopurinol, anti-epileptic drugs and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) are the most common drugs to cause this.

On the first occasion, the skin rash usually appears 1-2 weeks after starting the drug, but sometimes may occur up to 1 week after ceasing the medication. However on re-exposure to the causative (or related) drug, skin lesions appear within 1-3 days. In general, a morbilliform skin rash in an adult is usually due to a drug, but in a child is more likely to be viral.

Morbilliform drug eruption usually first appears on the trunk and then spreads to the limbs and neck in a symmetrical pattern. Mucous membranes are not affected.

Prompt cessation of the causative drug results in resolution over 1-2 weeks. No specific treatment is required but topical corticosteroids or oral antihistamines may give symptomatic relief of itch.